How is restless legs syndrome treated?

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Restless Legs Syndrome is an unpleasant nerve problem which is characterised by unpleasant sensations with the lower limbs with the powerful desire to slowly move the lower limbs, commonly experienced when attempting to rest. This odd feeling, commonly in the calves, is described as a form of muscle cramp, soreness or perhaps a creeping, crawling feeling. Some compare the experience to shooting darts of electrical energy, or possibly invasive creatures inside the legs. These feelings range in seriousness from mildly uncomfortable to aggravating to agonizing.

One of the most unique feature of the condition is always that lying down and seeking to relax brings on the restlessness. As a result, most of the people with restless legs syndrome have a problem falling asleep as well as remaining asleep. If this is not dealt with, the situation can cause exhaustion and day time low energy.

People with restless legs syndrome sense unpleasant sensations in their lower limbs, particularly when seated or laying down, combined with an irresistible desire to move about. These kind of sensations usually come about deep inside the leg, between the knee joint and ankle joint; more infrequently, they will occur in the feet, upper thighs, arms, and hands. Even though the symptoms can take place on only one side of the body, they most often have an impact on the two sides. Since moving the legs reduces the unpleasant feeling, people with restless legs syndrome generally keep their legs in motion to attenuate or avoid the feelings. They may pace around, constantly moving their lower limbs when seated, and move around when in bed.

A lot of people find the symptoms of restless legs syndrome to be much less noticeable throughout the day and more pronounced in the evening or through the night, primarily in the course of the beginning of sleep. For some people, the symptoms disappear by early morning, allowing for more refreshing sleep at that time. Other triggering situations are periods of inactivity such as long car trips, sitting in a movie theatre, long-distance flights, immobilisation in a cast, or relaxation exercises.

Why it's happening is unknown however people with a family background of restless legs syndrome make up somewhere around half of the cases, and sufferers with reduced iron amounts or anaemia, chronic conditions for example kidney failure, all forms of diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and peripheral neuropathy, plus some pregnant women during the last trimester and people using specific drugs are most often more prone to suffer from restless legs syndrome.

Restless legs syndrome could affect anybody of all ages, even though the disorder is much more prevalent with increasing age. It occurs in both genders, even though the frequency is likely to be slightly greater in women. From time to time those with this will encounter a natural reduction on symptoms over a duration of months. Although uncommon, spontaneous improvement over a time period of years might occur. In the event that these changes take place, it is almost always during the first stages of the condition. In most cases, however, sensations are more severe as time passes.

Often the clinical diagnosis of restless legs syndrome is difficult to arrive at. Physicians must depend mostly on the sufferers explanations of symptoms and details using their medical history, such as earlier medical conditions, family history, and also current drugs. Individuals can be asked about the frequency, how long the feelings have been present, and also the level of the feelings as well as their tendency for daytime sleep patterns and drowsiness, disturbance of sleeping, or any day time sensations. When a persons history is suggestive of restless legs syndrome, laboratory testing can be performed to rule out other issues and support the proper diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Blood testing, studies to measure electrical activity in muscle tissue and also nerves, and other lab tests to evaluate muscle activity in the legs could be recommended. This kind of tests are able to find any kind of associated injury or disorder in the nerves or nerve roots or any other leg-related movement disorders.

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